4nec2\exe” folder, in your Word or Wordpad text editor. Other recommended sources for NEC related informations are the Nec-2 and Nec-4 user-manuals and . 4NEC2 is a freeware antenna simulation software program. The program can be used to model an antenna, and then determine through. Antenna Modeling With 4NEC2. Presented to HOTARC. By Craig Weixelbaum. May 22, Basic Modeling Approach using 4Nec2. The goals of this

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However, scripting the 4NEC2 code in Notepad wasn’t bad at all. On the other hand, it is necessary to observe the geometric rules presented in the next sections. The wires of the model cannot touch the fast ground. 4nwc2 the simulations, the input impedance of the antenna would be erroneous, reaching too high values especially in the reactive part and a too low level current would be generated through the mutual coupling between the part of the generator majual to the antenna and the piece of segment connected to the other pole of the generator, which remains in open circuit.

It took 24 iterations in about 4 seconds. The following angles are defined: Nevertheless, if a model is already precise enough, an increase of the segment density will not provide further improvements. And, once they are translated, you can modify the card format, and, turn them into variable based models for optimization. In models of those characteristics it is advisable to perform the AGT test see section 7. But first use the open button on the main menu to select one of the pre-defined antennas and then press the calculator button on the main menu.

With the optimization functions I could find the best SWR and launch angles for the geometries. This section shows some advices and rules of design about the characteristics of the generators, loads and transmission lines to be used in the simulations. In the case of wideband or multiband antennasmake the convergency test only with configurations of number of segments per wire laying within the limits computed in the previous sections.

Program Description – Code”. It is not advisable to employ a higher number because the mabual between each pair of wires would be small and the results of NEC-2 would lose precision [Ref.


Antennex Monthly Columns – 4ne2 Modeling This problem can be minimized making the diameter of the wires to change in a series of steps through several additional intermediate wires [Ref. The 4NEC2 software manuak now hosted at http: Under normal circumstances, the higher the segment densitythe better results will be obtained in the simulations, with the cost of a higher computing time.

VII Manjal built in, fully automated, network matching algorithm with user selections for L network, T network and one other type, and series or parallel, matching sections at any point in then antenna or transmission line.

Daily evolution of the ionosphere. One way to simulate a connection of a vertical wire to the ground is by means of a virtual plane of at least eight radials [Ref.

EZNEC free- Poster Child of **Crippleware*** | QRZ Forums

The trick is when you start using it, to realize that there are a number of editors. If you have any questions, problems, or suggestions about Reviews, please email your Reviews Manager. 4ec2

Be prepared to take some time learning how to take advantage of everything this modeling program has to offer. Once the geometry of the antenna is defined, number the wires, identifying also their diameter Dh i and their length Lh i.

If two wires of different diameters are close of each other, despite the fact 4nrc2 their segments are aligned, errors in the computation of the antenna gain and its input impedance may be obtained, especially in the part of the reactance [Ref. The optimizer is just plain awesome and has saved me so much time and generates significant improvements on all my designs.

W8IO Antenna Site – TANT and 4NEC2

So, if you define a LC network in the model, the code will compute loss. In order to avoid errors, it is of interest to observe the following general rules while designing simulation models: EZNEC is very easy to use and gives great results, especially for simple verticals and dipoles.

Once the model has been defined, some programs implementing the NEC-2 algorithm provide options for geometric validation in order to look for non-connected wires or incorrect crossings, as well as segment validation options to verify whether the rules described in the previous sections are observed. If this rule is not observed, the simulations with NEC-2 will provide as a result erroneus impedances and 4necc2 high gains, especially for horizontal polarization. The 3d display engine is hands-down superior manal anything else I’ve seen.


In the case of wideband or multiband antennasrepeat the convergency test in a representative set of frequencies within all the working band of the antenna. The convergency test allows to determine the optimum number of segments to be used in a particular model. My problem was to get a reasonable, low-cost m attic antenna in a crowded urban setting with metal surfaces everywhere.

Press the space bar to 4mec2 between side and top view.

EZNEC free- Poster Child of **Crippleware***

With the fast ground type, NEC-2 uses a method based on complex reflection coefficients. Why is this important? This coupled with the loss computation enable the approximate design of a matching network for said model system. If the wire is not paralell to the ground, the height of the end nearest to the ground will be considered.

All the linear elements of the antenna will be represented in the Y axis or in other axes parallel to the Y axis. In this view one can show the antenna, and, its full 3D, color coded in terms of dBi gain, visual view. This article summarizes some useful advices for efficient antenna simulation with programs based on the NEC-2 algorithm, developed by the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory.

Reviews Summary 4ned2 4NEC2 freeware antenna modeller and optimizer. I used symbolic format. Variety and Modeling Hazards. Those notes are a collection of advices and rules of design to perform simulations of antennas with programs based on the NEC-2 algorithm. The coordinate systems may be different among the different programs based on NEC Arie Voors introduced this power into the 4NEC2 wrapper. NEC-2 lacks the capacity to model dielectrics, such as underground radials or antennas with electrically isolated wires twin-lead J-pole, twin-lead folded dipole [Ref.

It is so good, it should be called 4NEC8! Results of the average gain test in a 4Nec2 model. QSTFebrero Using the S-N ground it is important to take into account that both the vertical and the horizontal wires cannot touch ground.