Veja grátis o arquivo apraxia da fala enviado para a disciplina de Neurociências Categoria: Outros – 8 – bibliográfica sobre a apraxia da fala na infância nos últimos anos. Conclusão: constata-se nos textos atuais sobre apraxia de fala na infância uma tendência. Meaning of apraxia in the Portuguese dictionary with examples of use. Synonyms for apraxia and apraxia da fala tratamento. 7. apraxia motora. 8. apraxia.

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Oxford University Press; Patients with PD presented nonverbal and verbal apraxia and made several verbal apraxic errors. Apraxia in progressive nonfluent aphasia.

Apraxia: dificuldade no desenvolvimento da fala requer tratamento específico

Mary Vining Radomski, Catherine Aprasia. Data was collected through a clinical interview, a PD classification instrument [ 19 ], and the Speech Apraxia Assessment Protocol [ 20 ].

The scale is divided into five categories of severity. Here’s how it works: Apraxia in Parkinson’s aapraxia, progressive supranuclear palsy, multiple system atrophy and neuroleptic-induced parkinsonism.

The present study had some limitations. However, a number of studies in the literature have addressed aprwxia issues of use of medications for movement improvement in PD and the fluency sequelae induced, although no consensus has been reached among studies on motor production of speech, with some showing improvements, and others deterioration in the on phase [ 23 — 25 ]. However, it may also be caused by alterations in neural networks affecting both cortical and subcortical structures [ 49 ].

Developmental apraxia of speech: Statistical Analysis Results were analyzed by simple and cross-tabulation, graphs, and descriptive statistics. Articles from Parkinson’s Disease are provided here courtesy of Hindawi Limited.

Apraxia da fala na infância em foco: perspectivas teóricas e tendências atuais

The apraxia may develop in patients with PD due to the effects of the disease on the basal ganglia, as a result of additional cerebral cortical pathology, or as a consequence of both these factors [ 26 ]. Experimente por si mesmo! This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Examples of use in the Portuguese literature, quotes and news about apraxia.


Therefore, education would have a protective effect against neurological disorders. This protocol was compiled and adapted from several instruments used to assess apraxia and evaluates several symptoms of nonverbal apraxia and verbal apraxia, all of which were considered in the present study. The maximum obtainable score on the task is Correlation between nonverbal apraxia and verbal apraxia with age, education, and duration of PD.

Table 3 shows the frequency of verbal praxic errors identified in the sample. Am J Hum Genet. The authors identified consonant, but not vowel, production errors. Research in idiopathic and symptomatic childhood apraxia of speech [Internet]. Please review our privacy policy. Our sample of patients with apraxia showed self-correction, hesitation, and prosody alterations throughout the study.

Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. The influence of education on brain functioning has been suggested. However, disease duration and age were both associated with the occurrence of disfluencies. Perhaps even more problematic is speech apraxiaTable 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the sample.

Participants were classified according to the severity of nonverbal apraxia using a specialized assessment protocol [ 20 ]. These conditions can therefore be present in PD and must be further explored in this population [ 5354 ]. Contrasting speech patterns in apraxia of speech and phonemic paraphasia. All patients with PD sorted as apraxic were also sorted as dysarthric and made several praxic errors during speech production.


Damage to the dopaminergic system and the cerebral cortex has also been associated with PD.

Perspectives on Voice and Voice Disorders. J Speech Lang Hear Res. This was an observational prevalence study.

Assessment of Nonverbal and Verbal Apraxia in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease

Neural basis of an inherited speech and language disorder. To detect apraxia, whose prevalence was set at The errors observed in tasks assessing nonverbal apraxia may have been caused by alterations in the programming and sequencing of movements, by the motor impairment associated with PD, or have been influenced by both factors.

The most commonly identified errors in the manner of articulation were noted in the production of trill The prefrontal cortex premotor and supplementary motor areas and its subcortical projections have been especially implicated in apraxia of speech, and some studies suggest that the loss of gray matter in the left medial frontal gyrus, that is, Brodmann’s area 46, may be particularly associated with this condition [ 47 ]. The present findings corroborated those of Howard et al.

To assess the presence of nonverbal and verbal apraxia in patients with Parkinson’s disease PD and analyze the correlation between these conditions and patient flaa, education, duration of disease, and PD stage, as well as evaluate the correlation between the two types of va and the frequency and types of verbal apraxic errors made by patients in the sample.