Review: Publication date: Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database () Species profile: Callithrix penicillata. Downloaded. Descriptions and articles about the Black Tufted-ear Marmoset, scientifically known as Callithrix penicillata in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Overview;. Black-pencilled marmosets are found in the Neo-tropical gallery forests of the Brazilian Central Plateau. They live along the Brazillian coast ranging from Bahia .
|Published (Last):||27 February 2007|
|PDF File Size:||14.84 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||9.32 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Black-pencilled marmosets are found in the Neo-tropical gallery forests of the Brazilian Central Plateau. They live along the Brazillian coast ranging from Bahia to Sao Paulo, and as far inland as Goias, between 14 and 17 degrees S. Boudet, ; Elliot, ; Miranda and Faria, Black-pencilled marmosets live in rainforests, usually residing high in the trees, under the canopy.
Marmosets have rarely been observed at or near ground level. Black-pencilled marmosets typically have some sparse white hairs on their faces, with a dark brown or black head.
Their upper body and limbs are gray and their rump is usually black. The marmosets’ undersides are black with a gray abdomen. Their tail is ringed with black and white and is not prehensile, but is used for balance. They are characterized by the black tufts around their ears.
Black-pencilled marmosets do not have an opposable thumb and their nails tend to have a claw-like appearance. Boudet, ; Elliot, ; Rosenberg, Black-pencilled marmosets are monogamous and typically live in family groups which include the reproducing couple and their offspring. Miranda and Faria, Black-pencilled marmosets breed twice a year and produce between 1 and 4 offspring, however they generally have twins. The gestation period is days and offspring wean at about 8 weeks. The marmosets reach sexual maturity at approximately 18 months old.
However, they typically mate very late. There is considerable parental investment by both parents; infants are extremely dependent on their parents. The offspring are raised with the aid of other juvenile siblings. Offspring are weaned at 8 weeks and then taught to search for food. The life-span of a wild black-pencilled marmoset is unknown, however the average lifespan in captivity is 15 years.
Black-pencilled marmosets are diurnal and live in groups of 2 to 14, which typically consist of a reproductive couple and their offspring. Offspring are cared for by both the mother and father, as penicilata as older siblings in the family.
As twins are very common among marmosets, additional support for the mother is often required. Though they live in small family groups, they often share sap trees with many other families in their species. They do engage pwnicillata scent marking, but it is believed this is to deter other species from entering the area, and not other groups of their own species.
Black-pencilled marmosets also appear to be nomadic, moving throughout the forests as seasons become dry or wet.
Callithrix penicillata – Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre
The communication of black-pencilled marmosets has not been fully studied, however, it is believed that they communicate mostly through vocalizations. They appear to have predator-specific cries when they are threatened and have many vocalizations in addition to predator warnings.
Black-pencilled marmosets also use scent marking, though it is unclear whether this is a form of communication, as many different family groups simply ignore the markings that another family group has left. Black-pencilled marmosets commonly feed on tree sap. During food shortages or droughts their diet also includes fruit and insects, and they have even been known to eat various arthropods, molluscs, and small vertebrates.
Black-pencilled marmosets are vulnerable to a wide range of both terrestrial and aerial predators. Aerial predators, large raptorsare considered the marmosets greatest threat, but they are also preyed upon by a variety of snakes and wild cats.
Black-pencilled marmosets use a series of predator-specific vocalizations as well as visual scanning in their antipredation strategies. Black-pencilled marmosets are mutualists with many tree species, dispersing seeds of the fruit that they consume.
They also act as parasites of other species of trees because they create sores in the trees in order to extract sap, while not positively affecting the tree in any way.
They also serve as a source of prey for many larger animal species that reside in the forests, including large birds of prey, snakes, and wild cats. Black-pencilled marmosets are considered highly valuable and exotic pets.
They are also used often in zoo exhibits as well as many different types of scientific studies. There are no known adverse affects of black-pencilled marmosets on humans. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends.
Synapomorphy of the Bilateria.
Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a now extinct synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities. Epiphytes and climbing plants are also abundant. Precipitation is typically not limiting, but may be somewhat seasonal. Accessed March penicillaha, at http: A Review of The Primates. American Museum of Natural History.
Cross-fostering between two species penixillata marmosets Callithrix jacchus and Callithrix penicillata. Bouchardet da Fonseca, C.
Primate Conservation Priorities in the Neotropical Region. Callithrix Penicillata ” On-line.
Accessed March 31, at http: Help us improve the site by taking our survey. To cite this page: Accessed December 31, at https: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. ADW doesn’t cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe.
Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control.
Callithrix penicillata black-pencilled marmoset Facebook. Geographic Range Black-pencilled marmosets are found in the Neo-tropical gallery forests of the Brazilian Central Plateau. Boudet, ; Elliot, ; Miranda and Faria, Biogeographic Regions neotropical native Habitat Black-pencilled marmosets live in rainforests, usually residing high in the trees, under the canopy.
Boudet, ; Elliot, ; Rosenberg, Other Physical Features endothermic heterothermic homoiothermic bilateral symmetry Sexual Dimorphism male larger Average mass g Miranda and Faria, Mating System monogamous Black-pencilled marmosets breed twice a year and produce between 1 and 4 offspring, however they generally have twins.
Rosenberg, Average lifespan Status: Miranda and Faria, Primary Diet herbivore eats sap or other plant foods Animal Foods insects terrestrial non-insect arthropods mollusks Plant Foods fruit sap or other plant fluids Predation Black-pencilled marmosets are vulnerable to a wide range of both terrestrial and aerial predators. Mutualist Species Fruit trees. Neotropical living in the southern part of the New World.
In other words, Central and South America. Connect with us Help us improve the site by taking our survey.
Classification Kingdom Animalia animals Animalia: The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support.