and his book De morbis artificum diatriba (Diseases of Workers) published in Modena in in which he described the effects of work on health for some fifty . Ramazzini’s “De Morbis Artificum Diatriba” and Society, Culture, and the Human Condition in the Seventeenth Century. Article (PDF Available) in International. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Sep 1, , Bernardino Ramazzini and others published De Morbis Artificum Diatriba [Diseases of.

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Bernardino Ramazzini – Wikipedia

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Close mobile search navigation Article navigation. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. I have noticed that at Venice and Ferrara these heavily laden men carry sacks of wheat and other weights, not as ours do on one shoulder, but on the neck and dorsal vertebrae, so that the weight may lie all along the carrier’s back; they say that the load tires them less and they feel less pressure than if they carried it on one shoulder.

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De Morbis Artificum Diatriba [Diseases of Workers]

It furthers the University’s objective mogbis excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. For though they know none of the laws of mechanics, nature has taught them that it is easier to carry weights on the shoulders with the chest hollowed, than with the body erect.


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De morbis artificum diatriba [diseases of workers]. 1713.

Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. The first edition diatirba De Morbis was published in in Modena, the second in in Padua. He is often called “the father of occupational dw ” [2] [3]. Ramazzini saw prevention as being better than cure. Incessant driving of the pen over paper causes intense fatigue of the hand and the whole arm because of the continuous and almost tonic strain on the muscles and morbiw, which in course of time results in failure of power in the right hand.

First, constant sitting, secondly the incessant movement of the hand and always in the same direction, thirdly the strain on the mind from the effort not to disfigure the books by errors or cause loss to their employers when they add, subtract, or do other sums in arithmetic.

They arrtificum the process again and again till they have made the required number of copies of the whole work. In his Oratio given inhe suggested that “it is much better to prevent than to cure, and so much easier to foresee future harm and avoid it rather than have to get rid of it after having fallen prey”.

Don’t already have an Oxford Academic account? Slavery after Rome, — University of Chicago Press; based on the Latin text ofand includes a biographical note, Bernardino Ramazzini: Article PDF first page preview. Most users should sign in with their email address. A PDF copy of the article. But it is not so true of many other sedentary workers, potters and weav-ers, for artigicum, who exercise the arms and feet and in fact the whole body; this keeps them in better health because the impurities in the blood are more easily dispersed by such movements.


Brown, PhD Contributing Editors. Now an occupation so fatiguing naturally has its drawbacks, especially for women, for if pregnant they easily miscarry and expel the fetus prematurely and in consequence incur many ailments later on.

University of Chicago Press. Support Center Support Center. In a lifestyle article “Sitting can lead to an early death,” the writer acknowledged Ramazzini’s pioneering study of this field in the 17th century.

De Morbis Artificum Diatriba [Diseases of Workers]

Protrait by Abthony Stones. Nowadays women sit to weave, but in such a posture that they somehow look as though they were standing. Sign In Forgot password? He was appointed to the chair of theory of medicine at University of Modena in then served as professor of medicine at the University wrtificum Padua from until his death.

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