The Book Stylistics by Galperin. Uploaded by Alexei Galaktionov. Copyright: Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC). Download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online. English Stylistics has 38 ratings and 2 reviews. The textbook discusses the general problem of style, gives a stylistic classification of English vocabul. About I.R. Galperin: Ilya Romanovich Galperin ( – ) was a notable linguist, professor of the Moscow State Linguistic University.. I.R. Galperin.
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The Old English period lasted approximately until the end of the twelfth century. Hill states that “A current definition of style and stylistics is that structures, sequences, and patterns which extend, or may extend, beyond the boundaries of individual sentences define style, and that the study of them is stylistics.
Spelling was one of the problems which the English language began consciously to face in the 16th century and it was fairly settled before the end of the 17th century. Syntactical Expressive Means and Stylistic Devices.
He defends the words stylisticw, majordome, politien politicianconduct verb and others. The birth of SDs is a sfylistics process in the development of language media.
All these factors are, however, undoubtedly interwoven with individual style. The literary critics and men-of-letters objected to the maxims laid down by their predecessors and began to lay the foundation for new theoretical concepts of the literary language.
They are, as it were, part and parcel of this form of human intercourse. Middleton Murry “Style is a contextually restricted linguistic variation.
All these factors are, however, undoubtedly interwoven with individual style. Moreover, there are writers whose style abounds in such utterances. The idea has a long history.
I.R. Galperin (Author of English Stylistics)
It follows that SDs carry a greater amount of information and therefore require a certain effort to decode their meaning and purport. It exists as a variety of the national language. The moment they become general they are laws of the1 language; and a grammarian can only remonstrate how much so ever he disapprove.
They always carry some kind of additional information, either emotive or logical. Sir Thomas More, for example, introduced into the English language a great many words in spite of the opposition of the purists of the time.
At the very moment it is established, it begins to fluctuate.
All of them4 point to some integral significance, namely, that style is a set of characteristics by which we distinguish one author from another or members of one subclass from members of other subclasses, all of which are members-of the same general class.
The practical side of the problem can hardly be over-estimated.
The tendency of refining and polishing the English literary language by modelling it on the classic Greek and Latin masterpieces was counteracted, however, by another strong movement, that of restricting literary English to a simple colloquial language which would easily be understood by the ordinary people. The gzlperin variety, on the contrary, presupposes the absence of an interlocutor.
This is obvious not only because language is the only means available to convey the author’s ideas to the reader in precisely the way galpegin intends, but also because writers unwittingly contribute greatly to establishing the norms of the literary language of stylistic given period.
A too rigorous adherence to the norm brands the writer’s language as pedantic, no matter whether it is a question of speech or writing. Approaches to components of individuality such as 1 composition of larger-than-the sentence units see p.
Usually they are noun and pronoun, as in: It must be acknowledged that to draw a line of demarkation between facts that illustrate the flexibility of the norm and those which show its violation is not so easy. It is suggested here that the term individual style should galpegin applied to that sphere of linguistic and literary science which deals with the peculiarities of a writer’s individual manner stylistice using lan. Sfq rated it it was amazing Dec 28, These are, for example, The Historical Present; the use of shall in the second and third person; the use of some demonstrative pronouns with an emphatic meaning as those, them “Those gold candles fixed in heaven’s air”— Shakespeare ; some cases of nominalization, particularly when conversion of verbal stems is alien to the meaning of the verbs or the nominalization of phrases and sentences and a number of other morphological forms, which acquire expressiveness in the context, though this capacity is not yet registered as one of the latent properties of such forms.
Passing over to some preliminary remarks on the morphological expressive means of the English language, we must point to what is now a rather impoverished set of stylistlcs to which the quality of expressiveness can be attributed. The norm in these works is treated as. It is the inadequacy of the concept ‘norm’ that causes the controversy. The belles -lettres Style Style in this sense of expression studies4he normalized forms of the language.
It is therefore best perceived in combination with something that breaks it. Moreover, style as embellishment of language is viewed as something that hinders understanding. The people, who are the only lawgivers of the language, gradually accepted changes in all language levels and in vocabulary.
Galperin I. A. Stylistics
In order stylkstics compel the language to serve his stylistixs, the writer draws on its potential resources in a way different from what we see in ordinary speech.
The interaction of these three factors is reflected in the grammars and books on rhetoric of the time, which serve to illustrate to the present-day reader the fluctuation of the norms then existing, as well as the linguistic ideas, tastes and credos of the scholars who laid down the law.
We shall begin with the following statement made by Academician L. It allows modifications but within the frame work of the system of established norms. What then is a stylistic device? If we succeed in isolating and examining the choices which gslperin writer prefers, we can define what are the particulars that make up his style and make it recognizable.