Scattering is a general physical process where some forms of radiation, such as light, sound, . Inelastic scattering includes Brillouin scattering, Raman scattering , inelastic X-ray scattering and Compton scattering. Light scattering is one of the. hasil pengamatan Compton tentang hamburan foton dari sinar X menunjukkan bahwa foton dapat dipandang sebagai partikel, sehingga. sedangkan hamburan yang inelastis adalah hamburan Brillouin, hamburan Raman, dan hamburan. Compton. Hamburan Rayleigh Proses dimana radiasi.
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Compton postulated that photons carry momentum;  thus from the conservation of momentumthe momenta of the particles should be similarly related by. For modeling of scattering in cases where the Rayleigh and Mie models do not apply such as irregularly shaped particles, there are many numerical methods that can comptkn used. The electron’s momentum change involves a relativistic change in the energy of the electron, so it is not simply related to the change in energy occurring in classical physics.
Hamburan Compton adalah suatu efek cojpton merupakan bagian interaksi sebuah penyinaran terhadap suatu materi. Electromagnetic waves are one of the best known and most commonly encountered forms of radiation that undergo scattering.
The effect is significant because it demonstrates that light cannot be explained purely as a wave phenomenon. This led, into his discovery of the increase of wavelength of X-rays due to scattering of the incident radiation comptob free electrons, which implies that the scattered quanta have less energy than the quanta of the original jamburan.
Inverse Compton scattering is important in astrophysics. Although classical electromagnetism predicted hamburaan the wavelength of scattered rays should be equal to the habmuran wavelength,  multiple experiments had found that the wavelength of the scattered rays was longer corresponding to lower energy than the initial wavelength.
Compton earned the Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery. The lower energy photons produced from this spectrum are scattered to higher energies by relativistic electrons in the surrounding corona. Doan who obtained X-ray spectra from ruled gratings, which offers a direct method of measuring the wavelength of X-rays.
The apparent blue color of veins in skin is a common example where both spectral absorption and scattering play important and complex roles in the coloration.
Or the assumption that the electron can be treated as free is invalid resulting in the effectively infinite electron mass equal to the nuclear mass see e. His investigations, carried out in cooperation with E. In this size regime, the exact shape of the scattering center is usually not very significant and can often be treated as a sphere of equivalent volume. Reflections that undergo scattering are often called diffuse reflections and unscattered reflections are called specular mirror-like reflections.
Because the location of a single scattering center is not usually well known relative to the path of the radiation, the outcome, which tends to depend strongly on the exact incoming trajectory, appears random to an observer. The inherent scattering that radiation undergoes passing through a pure gas is due to microscopic density fluctuations as the gas molecules move around, which are normally small enough in scale for Rayleigh’s model to apply.
Major forms of elastic light scattering involving negligible energy transfer are Rayleigh scattering and Mie scattering. Articles lacking in-text citations from December All articles lacking in-text citations Articles needing additional references from January All articles needing additional references Commons category link from Wikidata.
January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Ocmpton Read Edit View history. This type of scattering would be exemplified by an electron being fired at an atomic nucleus.
He could, however, show that the intensity was correlated with geomagnetic rather cmopton geographic latitude. Retrieved 4 March Compton returned to St. Several different aspects of electromagnetic scattering are distinct enough to have conventional names.
By the early 20th century, research into the interaction of X-rays with matter was well under way.
Wigner and others, led to the establishment of the first controlled uranium fission reactors, and, ultimately, to the large plutonium-producing reactors in HanfordWashingtonwhich produced the plutonium for the Nagasaki bomb, in August The amount by which the light’s wavelength changes is called the Compton shift. This gave rise to extensive studies of the interaction of the Earth’s magnetic field with the incoming isotropic stream of primary charged particles.
This effect, nowadays known as the Compton effectwhich clearly illustrates the particle concept of electromagnetic radiation, was afterwards substantiated by C. In the Mie regime, the shape of the scattering center becomes much more significant and the theory only applies well to spheres and, with some modification, spheroids and ellipsoids. A well-controlled laser beam can be exactly positioned to scatter off a microscopic particle with a deterministic outcome, for instance.
It results in a decrease in energy increase in wavelength of the photon which may be an X-ray or gamma ray comtoncalled the Compton effect. He also played a role in the Government’s decision to use the bomb; a personal account of these matters may be found comptom his book, Atomic Quest – a Personal Narrative This page was last edited on 12 Decemberat December Learn how and when to remove this template message.
After scattering, the possibility that the electron might be accelerated to a significant fraction of the speed of light, requires that its total energy be represented using the relativistic energy—momentum relation. As a result, HEP and nuclear physicists prefer to emphasize elasticity, while atomic and molecular physicists use “inelastic”.
Light—matter interaction Low-energy phenomena: