Iso-Quant Curve: Definitions, Assumptions and Properties! The term Iso-quant or Iso-product is composed of two words, Iso = equal, quant = quantity or product. The term ‘isoquant’ is composed of two terms ‘iso’ and ‘quant’. Iso is a Greek word which means equal and quant is a Latin word which means. Property 2: An isoquant curve, because of the MRTS effect, is convex to its origin. This indicates that factors of production may be substituted.

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A producer will operate in this region. This is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. It is assumed that capital is a fixed input and labour is a variable input.

Isoquant – Meaning and Properties | ToughNickel

Equation 1 states that for an increase in the use of labour, fewer units of capital will be used. Isoquant – Meaning and Properties Updated on June 10, An iso-product curve, on the other hand, represents a particular level of output.

We see here that the distance between successive isoquant curves is decreasing, that is, less and less labour is needed for every additional units of output. We may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, isoqyant as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article isouant the HubPages Service.

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In Figure 10, oval shaped isoquants are shown. Hence the IQ curve cannot slope upward from left to right. The iso-product map looks like the indifference of consumer behaviour analysis. Let us suppose that EF is 20 units of labour and FG is 10 units isoqhant labour. Mathematically, it is represented as. When we increase labour, we have to decrease capital to produce a given level of output. The initial iso-cost line of the firm is AB.

Properties of Iso-quant curve

The properties of isoquants are similar to the properties of indifference curves. The concept of iso-cost line can be explained with the help of the following table 3 and Fig. Curves OA and OB are the ridge lines and in between them only feasible units of capital and labour can be employed to produce, and units of the product. Javascript software libraries such as propertoes are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.

MRTS is the loss of certain units of capital which will just be compensated pgoperties by additional units of labour at that point. The same argument can be made to rule out combination T or any other combination lying on a portion of the isoquant propetries the slope is positive. This means that units of additional output can be obtained by employing successively greater increments of labour.

If the isoquant curve had been concave to the origin, it would imply that the MRTS increases as more and more of labor is substituted for capital. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.


The returns to a factor can be explained using isoquant techniques. Therefore, points A and B on the IQ curve cannot represent an equal level of the product. The firm employs OM units of labour and ON units of capital. In the figure, when OK 1 units of capital were employed, OL 1 units of labor were employed too. Isoquants are convex to the origin An isoquant must always be convex to the origin. Isoquants need not be parallel The shape of an isoquant depends upon the marginal rate of technical substitution.

In other words, the marginal rate of technical substitution of labour for capital is the slope or gradient of the isoquant at a point. It means that the isoquant must be convex to the origin at every point. In other words, a declining MRTS refers to the falling marginal product of labour in relation to capital. Figure 13 A shows three iso-cost curves each represents a total outlay of 50, 75 and respectively.

What are the properties of Iso-quant Curve? Business Jargons

Given table 2 represents various combinations of inputs, all of which yield the same level of output, i. Thus it means equal quantity or equal product. Between F to G additional units of output is obtained by applying additional 20 units of labour. Similarly, OC units of capital alone cannot produce anything without the use of labour.