Message Posté le: Mar 17 Juil – () Sujet du message: Kitab muqaddimah ibnu khaldun pdf file, Répondre en citant. Results 1 – 12 of 80 The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History (Princeton Classics). Apr 27, by Ibn Khaldûn and N. J. Dawood. The Kitab Al-‘Ibar is the full text name, but it is his lengthy introduction (the Muqaddimah) that is fondly remembered by scholars of many stripes: sociologists .

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The Muqaddimahkitaab translated as “Introduction” or “Prolegomenon,” is the most important Islamic history of the premodern world. The first complete English translation, by the eminent Islamicist and interpreter of Arabic literature Franz Rosenthal, was published in three volumes in as part of the Bollingen Series and received immediate acclaim in the United States and abroad.

A one-volume abridged version of Rosenthal’s masterful translation first appeared in This Princeton Classics edition of the abridged version includes Rosenthal’s original introduction as well as a contemporary introduction by Bruce B.

This volume makes available a seminal work of Islam and medieval and ancient history to twenty-first century audiences.

Ibn Khaldun’s Theory of Taxation and its Relevance Today

His learning and ideas have an astonishingly modern relevance. His encyclopaedic work is a wonderfully readable mixture of history, sociology, ethnography, economics, science, art, literature, cookery, and medicine. Would you like to tell us about a lower price?

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Ibn Khaldun’s Theory of Taxation and its Relevance Today | Muslim Heritage

Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. Read reviews that mention ibn khaldun rise and fall worth reading ibn khaldoun even though ever written arnold toynbee united states political economy highly recommend ever been created years ago kind that has ever interested in sociology books ever greatest work work of its kind theory of history read this book book worth.

Showing of 62 reviews. Top Reviews Most recent Top Reviews. There was ubnu problem filtering reviews right now. Please ibnk again later. Ibn Khaldun lived in turbulent times: Cordoba had fallen to the Christian Iberians, the once great and mighty Islamic state in Iberia had been reduced to kitzb Emirate khaldunn Granada, North Africa was fractured and falling victim to Christian crusades with Islamic rulers often khadlun with the Christian crusaders for their own self gain and intereststhe Abbasid Caliphate had fallen in the Middle East, the Mongols and their successors Timurids were invading the Levant, and the Black Plague had struck the Middle East we often forget that the Black Plague also hit the Middle East and North Africa, knaldun not as consequential as the Black Plague in Europe.

The world that Ibn Khaldun read about was not the world he was experiencing. The first book of Muqaddimah details this in some detail concerning the relationship of geography and environment upon human civilization and races.


Second was the attempt to understand why great kitb all seem to fall: Third, and this is related to the second purpose, is that he sought to understand what was happening from Muslim eyes. Humans are not, as Enlightenment philosophers came to think e. Hobbes, Locke, Spinoza, and Rousseau as solitary and separated atomized individuals who only pragmatically place themselves into society to avoid the brutal life of the state of nature Hobbes, Locke, and Spinoza or have been forced into society by the dictates of the powerful Rousseau.

Instead, Ibn Khaldun takes the classical view that humans are naturally social which means they are kktab political. Political, in classical Greek philosophy, rooted in the word polis meaning city, entails how to organize a body. People are members of a muqardimah and a body needs to be organized. In a harsh world, family is the refuge of justice because there is no natural justice in the world. Asabiyyah is the wellspring of civilization. It is what unites people and gives them a warlike muqacdimah sacrificial character in which members are willing to die for others for the continuity of the muqzddimah.

Westerners may be more familiar with the idea of the espirit de corps: Here we return to the impact of geography on politics: Thus, Ibn Khaldun offers an in-depth and penetrating philosophy of geopolitics. Cities do not fall from heaven and represent the start of civilization.

Instead, civilization emerges from the margins. It is a stark picture that is similar to the ancient Catholic-Augustinian portrait of humans. In this sense, and in this sense alone, the rural dweller Bedouin in his language is closer to goodness than other types of humans e. This is because people who live in cities myqaddimah self-centered and self-enamored: This leads to paradoxes about human civilization.

Ibn Khaldun does not apologize for the rural way, so to speak. Urban civilization is grander and superior to rural civilization because it is intricate and refined: The city has libraries, universities, public monuments, great ports, refined clothing and cuisine, paved roads, great cathedrals and mosques; the rural town or tent-encampment has little in comparison and is defined by its simplicity and savagery.

That said, the irony of this is the city is doomed to fail because of its self-centeredness. Returning to Asabiyyah, Ibn Khaldun contrasts urban and rural life in a dialectic of conflict. The rural people still retain a strong sense of group solidarity. The urban people, over time, because of their life of luxurious living, become lazy and soft.

Khaldun suggests that two outcomes are possible: However, even if that revival takes place, the decline and fall of the nation is still going to happen.

Muqaddimah – Wikipedia

In the midst of this commentary we can also identify traces of historical circumstances that he was familiar with. He remarks that nations rarely last when they rule over a multitude of people of different cultures, languages, and religions. For all of its grandeur it collapsed because there could not be enough group solidarity.

But group solidarity is not something entirely benign either. This is when tribes turn to propaganda. Kiyab becomes the new blood identity of the people: We are Muslim, or we are Christian. In more modern times we can see this through new forms of identity politics or ideology: We are liberals, or we are humanists, etc.


At the same time as all of this he gives commentary over political economy. Ibn Khaldun laid out a theory of supply and demand, the division of labor, and taxation that is very prescient. At the collapse of a civilization the tax rates spike, revenue drops, economic productivity stagnates, military protection is outsourced khalduun demands higher taxes and the military is enlarged to try and defend its land which leads to higher taxes also.

Additionally, and very thought-provoking, Ibn Khaldun also says that urban people are really oppressed despite thinking otherwise. Thus, the paradox of the city is that it leads to Leviathan. As Khaldun notes, people subject themselves to the laws and regulations of the city which manages the lives and property of the people which is what they wanted in order to pursue lives of luxury and hedonism.

Meanwhile, the rural people remain outside the subject of city politics and are freer because they are self-resilient muqaddimay reliant. Rather than turn to family and social networks, people in the city turn to the state to provide their needs and solve their problems.

This is why the growth of civilization leads to the expansion of the political order, increased taxes, and, eventually, a stagnation and decline of economics. Furthermore, Khaldun says that urban dwellers are unwilling to make sacrifices because khaldn have grown custom to a life of pleasure and luxury. Rural people are still willing to make sacrifices because they live a life of daily sacrifice: Suddenly, politics turns not to how to organize a body but how to organize luxury.

In the end, the Law of the Jungle prevails. All civilizations are destined to collapse. And the cycle of the rise and decline of civilizations starts anew.

Ibn Khaldun offers so much: Cultural criticism, notes on political economy, class conflict, geopolitics, irony, and a tragic picture that even though civilizations are destined to fail, humans have no other option than to engage in civilizational building even though it will not last. Those who have read Oswald Spengler ought to read Ibn Khaldun, who beat him to the observation of the cyclical nature of the rise and fall of civilizations years earlier.

The translator has an appreciation for the author which is a good sign. Some books are ‘translated’ by people who don’t appreciate the author and, as is so common in academia, lie and blemish the character of a dead person. This book, however, is a nice read but I don’t think it is the entire Muqaddimah as advertised. I would imagine this being a significantly condensed version but I haven’t seen an original yet.

Very fascinating for obnu student of history. It not only provides history, but also methodologies used in historical research. Very mind expanding, bed side book. Arrived on time or early and just an overall great, worthwhile, and memorable purchase. Thanks random Amazon selling person. Kindle Edition Verified Purchase.

Muqaddimah is definitely one of them. I believe that history is nothing more than exhibitions of perspective. I am glad I was introduced to this ibnk book and I will definitely be sharing with others. It is an impressive body of work and a great reference book.