4 Posts – See Instagram photos and videos taken at ‘Beyşehir Kubadabad Sarayı’. The Islamic palaces the Topkapı Saray in Istanbul, which were built in the later s C.E. for Mehmed II, were inhabited for four hundred Arik, R. Kubadabad. Posts – See Instagram photos and videos taken at ‘Kubadabad Sarayı’.
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The Seljuk Han of Anatolia. The most enduring legacy of the Seljuk Empire is their architecture.
A large number of Sraay buildings still stand in Turkey today, and can be considered some of the most distinguished monuments ever built in Islamic lands. Of exceptionally high order and quality, this is a powerful and direct architecture: It projects an image of noble determination at the same time as one of subtle majestic beauty. The sculptural carved kubqdabad decoration, an integral part of the building scheme, provides a balanced complement to the forceful strength of the architecture.
The fact that such a sophisticated building program was achieved in such a short period of time makes the accomplishment all the more impressive. The Seljuks built mosques, the educational and charitable institutions known as medreseshans, mausoleums, bridges, palaces, public baths, and kubasabad.
These structures date mostly from the 13th century, with a few from the 12th. Art historians have defined a broad chronology of Seljuk architecture based on sarwy analysis of the carved decoration of the monuments: The design repertory consisted of triangles, zigzags, the Greek key, kubaxabad and dogtooth motifs. The carving was in low relief. Lasting only for a short periodit encompasses the kubaeabad outstanding buildings of the era, notably the Sultan hans, and the Karatay and Sircali Medreses in Konya.
The area of decorated surfaces on the building was increased and the tracery carving became elaborate and highly-developed, with a large place given to the arabesque, animal and floral motifs, as well as medallion bosses.
It comprises the buildings erected during the period when the Seljuks were vassals to the Mongols. Although inspired by many design and construction elements, Seljuk architecture developed its own distinct identity. These portals extend outward from the facade. The entrance gate is surmounted by a triangular arch filled with elaborate stalactite carving known as muqarnas.
The Seljuk design program combines intricate stone carving and colorful glazed ceramic decoration in a palette of turquoise blue, cobalt blue, black and white. Design elements kubadsbad calligraphy, polychrome bands of stone, vegetal and geometric patterns, and human and animal figures.
Decoration on Seljuk monuments was used in moderation, and was concentrated around the main door or the sides of the entrance, or, in the case of mosques, on the minarets or domes. The exuberance sarayy color of the stone jubadabad and tile work lightened the severe appearance of the plain stone walls.
The iwan provided shelter and allowed contact with the outdoors. Buildings could have 1, 2, 3, or 4 iwans around a central courtyard. The dome was supported by squinches or pendentives in a peculiar triangular shape, known as “Turkish triangles”. The interior face of the dome was decorated with tiles or glazed bricks. Building materials were readily available from the rich stone quarries in western Anatolia and the extensive limestone quarries in the central plateau region. There were numerous clay deposits for the making tiles as well.
Mosques both the larger ” ulu” great mosques sarag the smaller ” mescit” neighborhood mosques. Medreses buildings for higher education in the sciences, astronomy or religion.
Military constructions castles, fortresses, city walls. Civil construction and urban infrastructure. The typical mosque plan consisted of an enclosed rectangular space, which offered shelter from both the hot and cold climate. The rectangle was arranged in an elongated basilical plan, with a wide central aisle. They could have aisles parallel or perpendicular to the prayer niche. There was no forecourt. The mosques included minarets usually single and domes.
Seljuk Palace Stock Photos & Seljuk Palace Stock Images – Alamy
As many of the Ulu Mosques were commissioned by the Sultan or by his viziers, they often had elaborate decorative programs, including carved woodwork for mimbars and furniture and tilework for mihrabs prayer niche and minarets, as well as specially-commissioned carpets. These were neighborhood or bazaar mosques scattered throughout the city and which were used for daily prayer. A particular subset of mosques developed during the late Seljuk and Beylik periods, known as the “mosques with wooden pillars” series.
Their interiors comprised a forest of wooden pillars instead of stone piers. This courtyard was either open or closed by a central with a dome, included iwans, and was surrounded by cells on one or two storeys. These cells served as dormitory rooms for students, and were equipped with fireplaces.
The iwan were used as lecture halls and study spaces. The iwans often had lavishly-decorated entrance frames surmounted by pointed arches. Hospitals were made available free of charge, and were operated by endowments set up by the royalty or wealthy persons.
The operating expenses were paid for by income from farmland and businesses determined by the endowment agreement. They were often operated in conjunction with a medrese used for the teaching of the doctors. The Seljuks paid much attention to the needs of the ill and the poor, especially as concerned health issues.
Orphanages, mental institutions and almshouses followed the same general building kuvadabad and decoration scheme as the medreses.
These hans are interesting, not only for their architecture and decor, but also for the purposeful agenda behind their development. These distinctive structures made their first appearance in Central Asia during the Karakhanid era 9thth cgrowing in response to the extensive trading network in Kibadabad. Of considerable size, they display impressive decor on their entrances. Turbes kubadabaf of 2 types: These tomb towers were often decorated with carved inscriptions and figures.
They comprised two storeys, with the sarcophagus in the upper chamber, which also served as a kubadqbad chapel with a mihrab. The sarcophagus is empty, and serves as a marker sagay the remains of the deceased who is buried in the earth. The entrance to the upper chamber was set fairly high on one side.
An important number of them can be found in the city of Kayseri. No complete example exists, but much information has been gleaned from excavations of several sites. It was built inaccording to as legend would have it plans drawn up by Alaeddin Keykubad I himself. Composed of 16 pavilions and a hunting grounds, it was decorated with a spectacular program of mural tile decorations some 2 m.
Excavations have revealed kitchens, apartments, pavilions and stables. There are traces of other Seljuk palaces. These include the Keykubadiyye in Kayseri, which consisted of 3 pavilions decorated with geometric tiles, and the Alaeddin Kiosk in Konya, at the foot of the hill where stands the Alaeddin Mosque.
Very little is known of this latter structure, other than it was 2 storeys high and probably served as the palace of the Sultan. It is believed that its interior was decorated with stucco and tile. Other Seljuk palaces built by Alaeddin Keykubad include the Alara Saraydecorated with kubadabac and tiles, and the kiosk at the rear kjbadabad the stage of the Aspendos theater. The Sultans also built villas or “pleasure pavilions” for resting, entertaining or for hunting parties.
It extends down to the sea and encloses a kbadabad dockyard and arsenal guarded by a 33 m. Other military constructions include the city walls and fortifications of Alanya, Konya, and Sivas, as well as the sea walls at Sinop.
The city was doted with one large Ulu mosque and numerous neighborhood mosques. Urban constructions comprised covered and open markets, houses, gardens, streets with conduits for water and sewage, public water fountains, pools, and public baths.
The more important cites Konya, Kayseri and Sivas were surrounded by walls with entry gates. There is no remaining example of a typical Seljuk house, but the plan probably comprised rooms opening onto a courtyard. A late Seljuk summer pavilion, the Haydar Bey Kiosk in Kayseri, can give some indication as to the layout of a Seljuk house. Some of these mineral spas were reserved for horses and valuable animals. The plan appeared to be centered on an octagon with four iwans, and there was no central bathing pool as in the Roman-style baths.
There were separate sections for men and women, satay a disrobing room, tepidarium, and hot room. They were built to accompany the building program of the hans, and comprise spans of pointed arches. They were built over both the major szray of Turkey and also smaller rivers. Dervish lodges, or tekkewere an important part of Seljuk society, but few remain standing today.
Many of these were built in the Ilkhanid period and later. The city of Tokat has numerous examples. Yildiz Bridge in Sivas.
No part of this site may be reproduced in any form without written consent from the author. The Arsenal at Alanya. The Haydar Bey Pavilion.