How Language Shapes Thought. The languages we speak affect our perceptions of the world. By Lera Boroditsky. I am standing next to a five-year old girl in. Request PDF on ResearchGate | How Language Shapes Thought | The languages we speak affect our Lera Boroditsky at University of California, San Diego. Cognitive Scientist Lera Boroditsky Explains . Lera Boroditsky says in the TED Talk above, “you probably haven’t had that thought before.

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In both this talk and an essay for Edge. Indeed, the data say yes.

So we show the same lanbuage to English speakers and Spanish speakers. So here I have pictures of my grandfather at different ages. Multilingual speakers have more mind. Now, I’ve given you a few examples. So imagine as you’re walking around your day.

To test whether differences in color language lead to differences in color perception, we compared Russian and English speakers’ ability to discriminate shades of blue. The Coming Century of War Against Your Computer technology,infrastructure,business,internet,Cutlure,future,government,security,copyright,net neutrality,freedom,open source,surveillance,hacking Benjamin Barber: Open Source Civilization and the Unexpected Origins of the Silk Road Culture,History,bronze age,eurasian,open source,civilization,nomadic,silk road,pastoral,network,archaeology,society,mobile Charles C.

Do English, Indonesian, Russian, and Turkish speakers end up attending to, partitioning, and remembering their experiences differently just because they speak different languages?

These are the Kuuk Thaayorre people. To test langugae idea, we gave people sets of pictures that showed some kind of temporal progression e. Fiction Free Audio Books: How do our minds create this fundamental aspect of experience?

Instead of words like “right,” “left,” “forward,” and “back,” which, as commonly used in English, define space relative to an observer, the Kuuk Thaayorre, like many other Aboriginal groups, use cardinal-direction terms — north, south, east, and west — to define space. So because of this ability, we humans are able to transmit our ideas.


Lera Boroditsky

Once the English speakers had learned to talk about time in these new ways, their cognitive performance began to resemble that of Greek or Mandarin speakers. In one such study, English speakers were taught to use size metaphors as in Greek to describe duration e. MacMillan,—21; B.

In French, “liberty” and “justice” are each female, and thus the Statue of Liberty is a female, and so is the blindfolded lady of justice in American courtrooms. The result is a profound difference in navigational ability and spatial knowledge between speakers of languages that rely primarily on absolute reference frames like Kuuk Thaayorre and languages that rely on relative reference frames like English. Recently my group and others have figured out ways to empirically test some of the key questions in this ancient debate, with fascinating results.

But that would actually get you oriented pretty fast, right? But are languages merely tools for expressing our thoughts, or do they actually shape our thoughts? I could ask a five-year-old and they would know.

Thoufht finally, I gave you an example of how language can shape things. Infrastructure and Climate Change Environment,Technology,climate change,long-term thinking,infrastructure,society,cities,bicycle,innovation,education,local,maker movement,design tools,adoption curve,optimism Sara Seager: Such a priori arguments about whether or not language shapes thought have gone in circles for centuries, with some arguing that it’s impossible for language to shape thought and others arguing that it’s impossible for language not to shape thought.

And when I say everything, I really mean everything. These include an Aboriginal tribe in Australia who always and everywhere use cardinal directions to describe space “Oh, there’s an ant on your southwest leg” and the differences in how languages label the color spectrum.

Solving Dark Matter and Dark Energy science,black hole,dark energy,dark matter,cosmos,universe,galaxies,astrophysics,space,Hubble Space Telescope,lensing,telescopes,space-time Jane Langdale: Langguage was true even though we never told any of our subjects which direction they faced. Charlemagne, Holy Roman emperor, said.


I want you all to close your eyes for a second. Yet despite nearly constant attention and debate, very little empirical work was done on these questions until recently. But now I’ve just made you think it. June 19, at These arguments have gone back and forth for thousands of years.

Scholars on the other side of the debate don’t find the differences in how people talk convincing. Click here to cancel reply. East to west, right? I’m making tones and hisses and puffs.

People’s ideas of time differ across languages in other ways. Appreciating its langusge in constructing our mental lives brings us one step closer to understanding the very nature of humanity.

Lera Boroditsky: How Language Shapes Thought – The Long Now

There are about 7, languages spoken lerx the world — and they all have different sounds, vocabularies and structures. Imagine this simple experiment. What it means for a language to have grammatical gender is that words belonging to different genders get treated differently grammatically and words belonging to the same grammatical gender get treated the same grammatically.

Networks and Power Mary Lou Jepsen: Comparing English and Hebrew Speakers. Thus, “learning new languages can change the way you borodutsky said Boroditsky. Whereas Spanish speakers will be more likely to say. Comments 3 You can skip to the end and leave a response.